MORAL PRESTAJE GDJE SILA POČINJE

Autor: dr. sc. Viktor Simončič

Oni koji sramote Hrvatsku prezret će ovo štivo

Mi smo prihvatili da je lopovluk društveno prihvatljiv. Mi smo prihvatili da prepisivanje diplomskog ili inog rada nije ograničenje za visoke državne funkcije. Prihvatljivo je da osuđeni silovatelj ostane uvaženi član političke stranke, a falsifikator putnih naloga i dalje sjedi u Saboru

Najvažnija ljudska težnja je težnja za moralnošću u našem djelovanju. Naša unutrašnja ravnoteža, čak i naša egzistencija zavisi o tome. Jedino moralnost u našem djelovanju može dati ljepotu i dostojanstvo našem životu. (Albert Einstein)
Sila i razum su suprotnosti, moral prestaje gdje sila počinje. (Ayn Rand)

Ayn Rand, američka književnica ruskoga podrijetla snimljena 1943. godine

DEMOKRACIJU sam zamišljao kao sredstvo za nastanak moralnijeg društva. Moral kao tkivo koje društvo čini jačim i svjetlijim, kao porculanski sloj na nekoj figurici u staroj vitrini. No kao da je sve postalo nekako suprotno.

Slušam ministra Kujundžića: „Dat ću ostavku ukoliko utvrdim da sam odgovoran”. Naravno da on nije utvrdio svoj dio odgovornosti za događaj kada je u Zaprešiću umro mladić. Da bi to utvrdio morao bi biti visoko moralna osoba. A je li? Neka se propita svako jutro pred ogledalom, svaki puta kad svoju odraz vidi u izlogu… Bez obzira što zaključi, mislim da bi crv grižnje savjesti mogao malo nagristi i njega. Pa naravno da on nije (sam) kriv i nije uopće izravno kriv, ali je suodgovoran. On ne razumije što znači moralna ostavka. Ostavkom se daje poruka kako se odgovorno moraju obavljati sve, a posebno najviše političke funkcije.

Prvi u državi je (su)kriv za sve što se događa

Prvi u državi je u pravilu (su)kriv za sve što se događa. Kriv je i kada djeca nemaju 5 kuna za topli obrok. Usput, sjeća li se još netko toga? Naravno da bi ministar iz pravih demokracija, gdje i sam položaj podrazumijeva visoku moralnost osobe koja ga zauzima, ponudio ostavku. Za slučaj kao u Zaprešiću, ostavku bi prihvatio premijer u najmanje 26 država EU članica. U kojoj državi (osim Hrvatske) ne bi, ne znam. Ostavio sam to kao teoretsku mogućnost.

Ministar Kujundžić nije ponudio ostavku jer postupa sukladno našem stupnju društvene svijesti. On kaže kako nije postavio sustav i imamo ga kakav je, a on i tako smatra da je odličan. Logično je da ne razumije kako možda treba unaprijediti stanje. Zašto bi on bio za nešto odgovoran, kada je sve u skladu s društveno prihvaćenim moralom? Moralom koji se urušava na dnevnoj bazi. Još prije samo nekih 15 godina tadašnja ministrica zdravstva gospođa Ana Stavljenić-Rukavina dala je ostavku zbog nečeg puno manjeg od smrti mladića u Zaprešiću.

Prema Wikipediji moral (ćudoređe, ćudorednost) je u najširem smislu oblik društvene svijesti, skup nepisanih pravila, narodnih običaja, navika i normi koji su prihvaćeni u životu neke zajednice. Moral određuje kako ljudsko djelovanje treba biti, a pripadnici zajednice prihvaćaju te principe kao dolične i podvrgavaju im se, na taj način regulirajući međuljudske odnose.

Moralna pravila se prilagođavaju vremenu

Kako moralna pravila nisu apsolutno važeća, pa se prilagođavaju vremenu, kod nas su nastala moralna pravila po kojima je prihvatljivo što gotovo nigdje drugdje nije. Mi smo prihvatili da je lopovluk društveno prihvatljiv. Mi smo prihvatili da prepisivanje diplomskog ili inog rada nije ograničenje za visoke državne funkcije. Prihvatljivo je da osuđeni silovatelj ostane uvaženi član političke stranke. Kod nas je prihvatljivo da odgovoran za falsificiranje putnih naloga u kabinetu Vlade i dalje sjedi u Saboru i daje odlučujući glas vladajućoj stranci. Kod nas su prihvatljivi prelasci iz stranke u stranku po principu tko da više. Kod nas je moralno da sud zabranjuje štrajk pilotima, na dan kada druga zrakoplovna kompanija, u borbi za prava radnika, zaustavi pola europskog zračnog prometa. Kod nas je moralno da osuđenog za ratne zločine pozdravljaju ministri sa svečanih tribina. Kod nas je prihvatljivo da se zabrani ojkanje, samo zato jer osim nas ojkaju i drugi…

Oni koji pamte neka druga moralna pravila i oni koji poznaju moralna pravila u razvijenim demokracijama teško prihvaćaju da je navedeno postalo prihvatljivo. Neki šute, neki se tu i tamo jave komentarom, njih 5 (slovima pet) protestira pred Ministarstvom zdravstva protiv bahatog ministra, a nemali broj dnevno puni autobuse odlazeći u neko moralnije okruženje.

“Zašto se ne ponosite činjenicom da ste se među prvima digli protiv fašizma!?”

U subotu rano popodne sam prošetao psa Zaru. Zaustavila me mlađa Japanka. Govori tečno hrvatski. Na ovim prostorima je radila u diplomaciji. Sad je profesorica na Tokijskom sveučilištu. Ovo sam saznao nakon njenog pitanja: „Gdje mogu vidjeti partizanski spomenik?”. Odgovorio sam joj da se zabunila, jer u Sisku ne postoji više niti jedan (ili postoji jedan skriven?) spomenik partizanima. Ne zna da se samostalnost države ovdje slavila uklanjanjem spomenika borcima protiv fašizma. Zna se, u micanju su prednjačili oni koji su te spomenike ranije postavili i slavili. Znala je nešto o prvom partizanskom odredu i Brezovici. Ponudio sam da joj pokažem spomenik.

Na skretanju sa glavne ceste iznenadio me novopostavljeni veliki križ. Izvođač je pazio da izgleda staro, kao da tamo stoji barem 100 godina, a ne samo koji tjedan. Upozorava na tisuće mrtvih koje su u šumi Brezovica navodno pobili partizani, iako to nema veze s povijesnim činjenicama. Spomenik je postavljen kao jedan u nizu prekrajanja povijesti. Odvezli smo se do spomenika. Kako od 22. lipnja i nije prošlo puno vremena, oko spomenika je pokošeno. Nigdje napisa o kakvom se spomeniku radi. Štedljiv državni vrh osigurao je bojenje samo prednjih par stupova u bijelo, onih koji se vide kada TV mora prenositi obilježavanje Dana antifašističke borbe. Ostalo je zapušteno, kao što može biti zapušteno ako se ne održava desetljećima.

Japanka je sve snimala. Ja sam joj davao pojašnjenja na način kako su me nekada učili i na način kako i danas govore mnogi obrazovani povjesničari, na osnovi provjerenih činjenica. Malo je bila zbunjena. Provela je kao stipendistica DAAD (isto kao i ja) nekoliko godina na studiju u Njemačkoj. Upoznata je s fašističkim režimom, na način kako to svoje goste podučavaju Nijemci. Čudila se kako se ne ponosimo s činjenicom da smo se među prvima digli protiv fašizma. Kazala je da bi se oni time itekako ponosili. Nisam našao argumente zašto se ne ponosimo Prvim partizanskim odredom u okupiranoj Europi. Htio sam sačuvati ugled države, pa sam prešutio mnogo toga, čak da je (ako sam u pravu?) promijenjeno i ime spomenika. Valjda da se izbjegne pridjev „partizanski”, spomenik se naziva po prvom komandantu Vladi Janiću Capi.

Gradski muzej je bio zatvoren, a prazne sisačke ulice nisu djelovale izazovno. Odlučila se napustiti Sisak prije nego je planirala. Odvezao sam ju na vlak.

Fascist Croatia

  1. Fascist Croatia

Independent State of Croatia (NDH)

The most murderous of the Nazi puppet states

 Death Toll: 750,000 – 900,000

750,000 Serbs, 60,000 Jews & 26,000 Roma

Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) Flag and coat of arms

The greatest genocide during World War II, in proportion to a nation’s population, took place, not in Nazi Germany but in the Nazi-created puppet state of Croatia. There, in the years 1941-1945, some 750,000 Serbs, 60,000 Jews and 26,000 Gypsies – men, women and children – perished in a gigantic holocaust. These are the figures used by most foreign authors, especially Germans, who were in the best position to know… The magnitude and the bestial nature of these atrocities makes it difficult to believe that such a thing could have happened in an allegedly civilized part of the world…

 — Professor Edmond Paris, “Genocide in Satellite Croatia, 1941- 1945” Introduction, Chicago, 1961, The American Institute for Balkan Affairs

The assassination of the first Yugoslavia’s King Alexander set the stage for the invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis. The assassin, Vlado Chernozemski, was a Bulgarian, member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) and an experienced marksman. Immediately after assassinating King Alexander, he was cut down by the sword of a mounted French policeman, and then beaten by the crowd. By the time he was removed from the scene, he was already dead. IMRO worked in alliance with the Croatian Ustaše group led by Ante Pavelić, under the secret sponsorship of Italian fascist Benito Mussolini.

When the Axis Powers invaded, occupied and dismembered the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941, they installed Croatian fascists, called the Ustaše, in their own state, which was expanded to include the territory of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

With the help of his friend, General Sladko Kvaternik, Pavelic proclaimed Croatia an independent state on April 15, 1941. Dispatches from Nazi-controlled Hungary described him as President and Kvaternik as his Premier. The new state was composed of Bosnia, Herzegovina and Dalmatia as well as the old Croat province. In a note to Mussolini and Hitler, Pavelic asked for recognition of “the independent state of Croatia.” Both dictators informed the Croat leader that in the name of the Axis powers the recognition sought not only was cheerfully granted but that both powers received “with joy and satisfaction” the news that the Croat people had won their struggle for independence in an hour when the Axis powers had demolished the artificial creation which once was Yugoslavia.

One of Dr. Pavelic’s first acts was the baning of all political parties and the prohibition of all public meetings. To pay his debt of gratitude to Italy, the self-styled chief of the Croat national government convinced his followers that a king of Croatia, preferably an Italian prince, would lead the little state to new heights. The last monarch to wear the crown — golden clover leaves surmounted by a cross and an apple — had been Croatia’s King Petrus, who died in battle in 1097. Since then the state had always been under foreign domination, most of the time Hungarian. On May 17 Pavelic went to Rome to formalize the offer of the throne.

On June 6, 1941 Pavelic was received by Hitler in Berchtesgaden for a two-hour conference. Witnesses at the meeting were Marshal Hermann Goring and Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. The talk was one of a series of several carefully guarded diplomatic negotiations between Axis and Balkan leaders. The topic of the conversation was never disclosed, but it was believed that Pavelic asked for a guarantee of independence and was promised that Italy would do nothing drastic. Afterward Pavelic presented the Fuhrer with a flag from the Seven Years’ War and a chess set, both formerly belonging to King Frederic the Great.

Fascist Croatia immediately committed a genocide against Serbs, Jews and Roma. The raging fury with which the  Ustaše movement carried out their own “Final Solution” program of wholesale racial slaughter, expulsion of populations and forced religious conversion shocked even the German Nazis.

Pavelic was quoted as saying: “Croatia gives its full adherence to the principles and reasons which inspire a united front for creation of a new order in the European and Asiatic World. Croatia’s induction into the military alliance of the Axis powers had immediate effect on its Jewish problem.” Dr. Ante Pavelic announced that it would be solved “in a radical way un der the German order.” Also ordered by Hitler to put a “river of blood” between the Serbian and Croatian nations, Pavelic did so.

Though it seems entirely unbelievable that German Nazi (and Italian Fascists) were shocked – there are many books, their memoirs, where they just had to talk about their Croatian allies gruesomeness.

On April 12, 1941, two days after Croatia became an independent state and joined the Axis, an order was published in the Zagreb newspapers requiring all Serbs not natives to the town to leave within twenty-four hours and threatening that anyone hiding Serbs would be shot.

This order, by Dr. Ante Pavelich, head of the Independent State of Croatia, was a prelude to a massacre of Serbs not surpassed for brutality and atrocity in the whole sorrowful history of the human race.

The massacres were carried out by the three branches of the Croatian forces, the Ustashi, the Home Defense [Domobrani], and the regular army.

Between April 12 and 15 and on the night of May 31, 1941, mass arrests were made in Zagreb, Sarajevo, Mostar, Banja-Luka, Travnik, Dubrovnik, Livno, and other towns. The first large massacres occurred the night of May 31, when groups of prominent Serb citizens were seized and taken to the outskirts of the towns and shot. These spring killings in Croatia proper are generally referred to as the Glina massacres.

The great massacres of 1941 did not take place until June 24 to 28. They continued intermittently until November 1945, by which time practically all the 1,250,000 Serbs and Jews had been either exterminated or driven out.

Croatian Ustaše succeeded in murdering more than third out of two million Serbs that got in their hands in Croatia and Bosnia in World War II. Some 200,000 Serbs were forcefully converted to Catholicism. The entire Roma population of Croatia was wiped out.

Entrance into Jasenovac death camp number 3, with the sign presenting it as a “Labor Service of the Ustasha Defense – Concentration Camp No. III” The coat of arms above is inscribed: “Everything For the Fuhrer, Ustasha Defense.” Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Europe, edition 1995, page 91, entry “Croatia”

Slavko Kvaternik (the second in command to the Croatian WWII fuehrer, Dr Ante Pavelic) explained (on the day of formation of the WWII “Independent State of Croatia”, on April 10, 1941) how pure Croatia should be built – by forcing one third of the Serbs to leave Croatia, one third to convert to Catholicism, and one third to be exterminated.

Soon Ustasha bands initiated a bloody orgy of mass murder of Serbs unfortunate enough not to have converted or left Croatia on time. The enormity of such criminal behavior shocked even the conscience of German commanders, but Pavelic had Hitler’s personal support for such actions which resulted in the loss of the lives of hundreds of thousands of Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In addition, the Ustasa regime organized extermination camps, the most notorious one at JASENOVAC where Serbs, Jews, Gypsies, and other opponents were massacred in large numbers.

Herman Naubacher, Hitler’s personal assistant for the South-East Europe and the Balkan affairs, in his book “Sonderauftrag Sudosten 1940-1945. Bericht eines fliegenden Diplomate”, Gottingen, 1956, on page 31, writes the following:

“The Orthodox recipe of Ante Pavelic, Ustashi leader and Croatian Fuehrer, reminds one of the religious wars in the bloodest aspects: one-third must become Catholic, one-third must leave the country and one-third must die. The last item was executed. When the leading men of the Ustashi movement are stating that they have slaughtered one million Serbs (including infants, children, women and aged) this in my opinion is a self-praising exaggeration. According to the reports that have reached me, my estimate is that the number of those defenseless slaughtered is some three quarter of a million. [750,000]”

Encyclopedia Britannica had the following sentence when talking about WWII in Yugoslavia:

“…In Bosnia…the Croatian fascists began a massacre of Serbs which, in the whole annals of World War II, was surpassed for savagery only by the mass extermination of Polish Jews.”

GRIZOGONO LETTER

Letter written by Privislav Grizogono, a Croat and a Roman Catholic, member of the Yugoslav Diplomatic Corps, Minister to Czechoslovakia, Minister to Poland, addressed to Dr. Aloisius Ste- pinac, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Zagreb, Croatia, February 8, 1942. Published in translation by the American Srbobran, a Serbian paper of Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.A., February 24, 1943:

These atrocities do not amount to killings alone. They aim at extermination of everything Serbian: women, children, and aged men, and in terribly wild tortures of the victims. These innocent Serbs were stuck on poles alive, and fires were built on their bare chests. Literally they were roasted alive, burned to death in their homes and churches. Boiling water was poured on live victims before mutilation; their flesh was salted. Eyes were dug out of live victims, ears amputated, noses and tongues lobbed off. The beards and mustaches of priests, together with their skin, were ripped off rudely by knives. They were tied to trucks and dragged behind them. The arms and legs of the victims were broken and their heads were spiked.

They were thrown into the deep cisterns and caves, then literally bombed to pieces. Crowbars smashed their heads. Their children were thrown into fire, scalding water, and fed to the fired lime furnaces. Other children were parted by their legs; their heads crushed against walls and their spines dashed against rocks. These and many other methods of torture were employed against the Serbs – tortures which normal people cannot conceive. Thousands of Serbian bodies floated down the Sava, Drava, and Danube rivers and their tributaries. Many of these bodies bore tags: ‘Direction-Belgrade, to King Peter.’ In one boat on the Sava there was a pile of children’s heads, with a woman’s head (presumably the mother of the children) labeled: “Meat for John’s Market-Belgrade” (meaning meat for the Serbian market).

The case of Milenka Bozinich from Stapandza is a particularly gruesome one: they dug her unborn child out of her with a knife. Then, in Bosnia, a huge pile of roasted heads was found. Utensils full of Serbian blood were also discovered; this was the hot blood of their murdered brothers that other Serbs were forced to drink. Countless women, girls, and children were raped, mothers before daughters and daughters before mothers, while many women, girls, and female children were ushered off to Ustashi garrisons to be used as prostitutes. Rapes were committed even before the altars of the Orthodox Church.

About 3,ooo Serbs were murdered in the Serbian Orthodox Church at Glina, and the massacre of Serbians before the altar at Kladusha with sledge hammers is something never mentioned in history…. There are detailed and official minutes (reports) about these unheard-of crimes. They are so terrible they have shocked even the Germans and Italians. Many pictures were taken of these massacres and torture orgies.

Jasenovac Concentration Camp

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Vol. 2, Page 739, entry: “Jasenovac”:

Jasenovac, the largest concentration and extermination camp in Croatia. Jasenovac was in fact a complex of several subcamps, in close proximity to each other, on bank of the Sava River, about 63 miles (100km) south of Zagreb. The women’s camp of Stara Gradiska, which was farther away, also belonged to the complex. Jasenovac was established in August 1941 and was dismantled only in April 1945. The creation of the camp and its management and supervision were entrusted to Department II of the Croatian Security Police (Ustaska Narodna Sluzba, UNS), headed by Vjekoslav (Maks) Luburic, who was personally responsible for everything that happened there.

Croatian ultra-nationalist revisionists who now place the number of dead as low as 40,000 or to a high of 97,000 imply that there were no atrocities committed against the Serbs and Jews for the remaining three years of the war.

There were only 87 survivors of the Jasenovac Concentration Camp, named the “Auschwitz of the Balkans” by most historians. These survivors place the number of dead in excess of 800,000.

One of those survivors was Antun Miletich, a Croatian. Here is his 1948 testimony:

“There is not a pen capable of describing the horror and terror of the atmosphere at Jasenovac. It surpasses any human fantasy. Imagine Hell, the Inquisition, a terror more dreadful than any that ever before existed anywhere, run by bloodthirsty wild animals whose most hidden and disgusting instinct had come to the surface in a way never before seen in human beings — and still you have not said enough.”

Scores of Ustase (Croatian fascists) served in the camp. The cruelest was former priest Miroslav Filipovic-Majstorovic, who killed scores of prisoners with his own hands.

Some six hundred thousand people were murdered at Jasenovac. The number of Jewish victims was between twenty and twenty-five thousand, most of whom were murdered there up to August 1942, when deportation of the Croatian Jews to Auschwitz for extermination began. Jews were sent to Jasenovac from all parts of Croatia – from Zagreb, from Sarajevo, and from other cities and smaller towns. [….] The acts of murder and of the cruelty in the camp reached their peak in the late summer of 1942, when tens of thousands of Serbian villagers were deported to Jasenovac from the area of the fighting against the partisans in the Kozara Mountains. Most of the men were killed in Jasenovac. The women were sent for forced labor in Germany, and the children were taken from their mothers, some were murdered and others were dispersed in orphanages throughout the country.

In April 1945 the partisan army approached the camp. In an attempt to erase traces of the atrocities, the Ustashe blew up all the installations and killed most of the inmates. An escape attempt by the prisoners failed, and only a few survived. The Ustaše interned, tortured and executed men, women and children in Jasenovac. The largest number of victims were Serbs, but other victims included Jews, Romani people, and Croatian resistance members opposed to the regime (i.e., Partisans or their sympathizers, categorized by the Ustaše as “communists”). Upon arrival at the camp, the prisoners were marked with colors, similar to the use of Nazi concentration camp badges: blue for Serbs, and red for communists (non-Serbian resistance members), while Roma had no marks. (This practice was later abandoned.)  Most victims were killed at execution sites near the camp: Granik, Gradina, and other places. Those kept alive were mostly skilled at needed professions and trades (doctors, pharmacists, electricians, shoemakers, goldsmiths, and so on) and were employed in services and workshops at Jasenovac.

Serbs constituted the majority of inmates in Jasenovac. In several instances, inmates were immediately killed for confessing their Serbian ethnicity and most considered it to be the reason for their imprisonment. The Serbs were predominantly brought from the Kozara region, where the Ustasa captured areas along with partisan guerrillas. These were brought to camp without sentence, almost destined to immediate liquidation, accelerated via use of a machine-gun.

Jews, being the primary target of Nazi-oriented Genocide, were the second-largest category of victims of Jasenovac.Most of the executions of Jews at Jasenovac occurred prior to August 1942. Thereafter, the NDH started to deport them to Auschwitz. In general, Jews were initially sent to Jasenovac from all parts of Croatia after being gathered in Zagreb, and from Bosnia and Herzegovina after being gathered in Sarajevo. Some, however, were transported directly to Jasenovac from other cities and smaller towns.

Roma in Jasenovac consisted of both Roma and Sinti, who were captured in various areas in Bosnia, especially in the Kozara region. They were brought to Jasenovac and taken to area III-C, under the open sky, in terms of nutrition, hydration, shelter and sanitary that were below the camp’s standards. During the reign of fascist Croatia, the entire Roma population of Croatia would be exterminated.

Anti-fascists consisted of various sorts of political and ideological antagonists of the Ustasa. In general, their treatment was similar to other inmates, although known communists were executed right away, and convicted Ustasa or law-enforcement officials, or others close to the Ustasa in opinion, such as Croatian peasants, were held on beneficial terms and granted amnesty after serving a duration of time. The Ustasa also imprisoned various sorts of other ethnicities: Ukrainians, Romanians,Slovenes and Montenegrians.

Living Conditions

The living conditions in the camp evidenced the severity typical in Nazi death camps: a meager diet, deplorable accommodations, and cruel behavior by the Ustaše guards. Also, as in many camps, conditions would be improved temporarily during visits by delegations – such as the press delegation that visited in February 1942 and a Red Cross delegation in June 1944 – and reverted after the delegation left.

Food: Again, typical of Nazi death camps, the diet of inmates at Jasenovac was insufficient to sustain life: The sorts of food they consumed changed during the camp’s existence. In camp Brocice, inmates were given a “soup” made of hot water with starch for breakfast, and beans for lunch and dinner (served at 6:00, 12:00 and 21:00). Food in Camp No. III was initially better, consisting of potatoes instead of beans; however, in January[when?] the diet was changed to a single daily serving of thin “turnip soup”. By the end of the year, the diet had been changed again, to three daily portions of thin gruel made of water and starch. Food changed repeatedly thereafter.

Water: Jasenovac was even more severe than most death camps in one respect: a general lack of potable water. Prisoners were forced to drink water from the Sava river, which was contaminated with ren (horseradish).

Accommodations: In the first camps, Brocice and Krapje, inmates slept in standard concentration-camp barracks, with three tiers of bunks. In Camp No. III, which housed some 3,000 inmates, inmates initially slept in the attics of the workshops, in an open depot designated as a railway “tunnel”, or simply in the open. A short time later, eight barracks were erected. Inmates slept in six of these barracks, while the other two were used as a “clinic” and a “hospital”, where ill inmates were concentrated to die or be liquidated.

Forced labor: As in all concentration camps, Jasenovac inmates were forced daily to perform some 11 hours of hard labor, under the eye of the Ustasa captors, who would execute any inmate for the most trivial reasons, allegedly for “sabotaging labor”. The labor section was overseen by Ustasas Hinko Dominik Picilli and Tihomir Kordic. Picillii would personally lash inmates to work harder. He divided the “Jasenovac labor force” into 16 groups, including groups of construction, brickworks, metal-works, agriculture, etc. The inmates would perish from the hard work. Work in the brickworks was hard. Blacksmith work was also done, as the inmates forged knives and other weapons for the Ustasa. Dike construction work was most feared.

Sanitation: Inside the camp, squalor and lack of sanitation reigned: clutter, blood, vomit and bodies filled the barracks, which were also full of pests and of the foul scent of the often overflowing latrine bucket. Due to exposure to the elements, inmates suffered from impaired health leading to epidemics of typhus, typhoid, malaria, pleuritis, influenza, dysentery and diphtheria. During pauses in labor (5:00-6:00; 12:00-13:00, 17:00-20:00) inmates had to relieve themselves at open latrines, which consisted of big pits dug in open fields, covered in planks. Inmates would tend to fall inside, and often died. The Ustase encouraged this by either having internees separate the planks, or by physically drowning inmates inside. The pit would overflow during floods and rains, and was also drained into the lake, from which inmate drinking water was taken. The inmate’s rags and blankets were too thin to prevent exposure to frost, as was the shelter of the barracks. The clothes and blankets were rarely and poorly cleansed, as inmates were only allowed to wash them briefly in the lake’s waters once a month save during winter time, when the lake froze. Then, a sanitation device was erected in a warehouse, where a few clothes were insufficiently boiled.

Lack of personal possessions: The inmates were stripped of their belongings and personal attire. As inmates, only ragged prison-issue clothing was given to them. In winter, inmates were given thin “rain-coats” and they were allowed to make light sandals. Inmates were given a personal food bowl, designated to contain 0.4 ltrs of “soup” they were fed with. Inmates whose bowl was missing (stolen by another inmate to defecate in) would receive no food. During delegation visits, inmates were given bowls twice as large with spoons. Additionally, at such times, inmates were given colored tags.

Anxiety: The fear of death, and the paradox of a situation in which the living dwell next to the dead, had great impact on the internees. Basically, an inmate’s life in a concentration camp can be viewed in the optimal way when looking at it in three stages: arrival to camp, living inside it, and the release. The first stage consisted of the shock caused by the hardships in transit to camp. The Ustase would fuel this shock by murdering a number of inmates on arrival and by temporarily housing new-arrivals in warehouses, attics, in the train tunnel and outdoors. After the inmates grew familiar with the life in camp, they would enter the second and most critical phase: living through the anguish of death, and the sorrow, hardships and abuse.

The peril of death was most prominent in “public performances for public punishment” or selections, when inmates would be lined in groups and individuals would be randomly pointed out to receive punishment of death before the rest. The Ustase would intensify this by prolonging the process, patrolling about and asking questions, gazing at inmates, choosing them and then refrain and point out another.

As inmates, people could react to the Ustase crimes in an active or passive manner. The activists would form resistance movements and groups, steal food, plot escapes and revolts, contacts with the outside world. The passive inmates, the majority, would react by attempt to survive, to go through the day unharmed. This is not “going in line to slaughter”, but rather another approach to survival, which deprived the Ustase of the possibility of completely dehumanizing the inmates.

However, some of these inmates became in this way utterly primitive, as their whole life revolved around following orders and eating a bowl of soup. Thus they became “musselmans”: physically appearing as living skeletons, but mentally stripped of their humanity beyond hope of salvation. All inmates suffered from psychological phenomena to some extent: obsessive thoughts of food, paranoia, delusions, day-dreams, lack of self-control. Some inmates reacted with attempts at documenting the atrocities, such as Nikola Nikolic, Djuro Schawrtz and Ilija Ivanovic, who all tried to memorize and even write of events, dates and details. Such deeds were perilous, since writing was punishable by death and tracking dates was hard. “King of the Cutthroats”

On the night of 29 August 1942, the prison guards made bets among themselves as to who could liquidate the largest number of inmates. One of the guards, Petar Brzica, boasted cutting the throats of about 1,360 new arrivals.

Other participants who confessed to participating in the bet included Ante Zrinusic, who killed some 600 inmates, and Mile Friganovic, who gave a detailed and consistent report of the incident. Friganovic admitted to having killed some 1,100 inmates.

He specifically recounted his torture of an old man named Vukasin; he attempted to compel the man to bless Ante Pavelic, which the old man refused to do, although Friganovic cut off his ears, nose and tongue after each refusal. Ultimately, he cut out the old man’s eyes, tore out his heart, and slashed his throat. This incident was witnessed by Dr. Nikola Nikolic.

In the concentration camp at Jasenovac, on the night of August 29, 1942, orders were issued for executions. Bets were made as to who could liquidate the largest number of inmates. Peter Brzica cut the throats of 1,360 prisoners with a specially sharp butcher’s knife. Having been proclaimed the prize-winner of the competition, he was elected King of the Cut-troats. A gold watch, a silver service, and a roasted sucking pig and wine were his other rewards.

The case of Peter Brzica is undoubtedly one of the most incredible in this category. Brzica was a law student and an ardent member of the foremast Catholic organization called the Catholic Crusaders. Srbosjek

Brzica and others used a knife that became known as srbosjek, meaning “Serb-cutter” (“cutthroat”). Its agricultural purpose was to make it easier for the field workers to cut wheat sheaves open before threshing them.

Systematic extermination of prisoners

Besides sporadic killings and deaths due to the poor living conditions, many inmates arriving at Jasenovac were scheduled for systematic liquidation. An important criterion for selection was the duration of a prisoner’s anticipated detention. Strong men capable of labor and sentenced to less than three years of incarceration were allowed to live. All inmates with indeterminate sentences or sentences of three years or more were immediately scheduled for liquidation, regardless of their fitness. Systematic extermination varied both as to place and form. Some of the executions were mechanical, following Nazi methodology, while others were manual.

The mechanical means of extermination included:

Cremation: The Ustase cremated living inmates, who were sometimes drugged and sometimes fully awake, as well as corpses. The first cremations took place in the brick factory ovens in January, 1942.

Engineer Hinko Dominik Picilli perfected this method by converting seven of the kiln’s furnace chambers into more sophisticated crematories..; Crematories were also placed in Gradina, across the Sava River. According to the State Commission, however, “there is no information that it ever went into operation.”. Later testimony, however, say the Gradina crematory had become operational. Some bodies were buried rather than cremated, as shown by exhumation of bodies late in the war.

Gassing and poisoning: The Ustase, in following the Nazi example, as set in Auschwitz and Sajmiste, tried to employ poisonous gas to kill inmates that arrived in Stara-Gradiska. They first tried to gas the women and children that arrived from camp Djakovo with gas vans that Simo Klaic called “green Thomas”. The method was later replaced with stationary gas-chambers with Zyklon B and sulfur dioxide.

Manual methods, the Ustase’s favorites, were liquidation that took part in utilizing sharp or blunt craftsmen tools: knives, saws, hammers, et cetera. These liquidations took place in various locations:

Granik: Granik was a ramp used to unload goods of Sava boats. In winter 1943-44, season agriculture laborers became unemployed, while large transports of new internees arrived and the need for liquidation, in light of the expected Axis defeat, were large. Therefore, “Maks” Luburic devised a plan to utilize the crane as a gallows on which slaughter would be committed, so that the bodies could be dumped into the stream of the flowing river. In the autumn, the Ustase NCO’s came in every night for some 20 days, with lists of names of people who were incarcerated in the warehouse, stripped, chained, beaten and then taken to the “Granik”, where weights were tied to the wire that was bent on their arms, and their intestines and neck were slashed, and they were thrown into the river with a blow of a blunt tool in the head. The method was later enhanced, so that inmates were tied in pairs, back to back, their bellies were cut before they were tossed into the river alive.

Gradina: The Ustase utilized empty areas in the vicinity of the villages Donja Gradina and Ustice, where they encircled an area marked for slaughter and mass graves in wire.

The Ustase slew victims with knives or smashed their skulls with mallets. When gypsies arrived in the camp, they did not undergo selection, but were rather concentrated under the open skies at a section of camp known as “III-C”. From there the gypsies were taken to liquidation in Gradina, working on the dike (men) or in the corn fields in Ustice (women) in between liquidations. Thus Gradina and Ustica became Roma mass grave sites. Furthermore, small groups of gypsies were utilized as gravediggers that actually participated in the slaughter at Gradina. Thus the extermination at the site grew until it became the main killing-ground in Jasenovac. Grave sites were also located in Ustica and in Draksenic.

Mlaka and Jablanac: Two sites used as collection and labor camps for the women and children in camps III and V, but also as places where many of these women and children, as well as other groups, were liquidated at the Sava bank in between the two locations.

Velika Kustarica: According to the state-commission, as far as 50,000 people were killed here in the winter amid 1941 and 1942. There is more evidence suggesting that killings took place there at that time and afterwards.

Nazi Croatia Today

Today’s Independent State of Croatia is the copy of the Nazi puppet state of some fifty years ago. The country has the same: name, flag, national emblem, national anthem, currency, uniforms (black shirts).

Jewish leaders were UNANIMOUS in saying they saw worring PARALLELS BETWEEN THE NAZI AND PRO-NAZI MASSACRES OF 50 YEARS AGO and the unease of Jews in Croatia under strongly nationalist regime in the break away republic TODAY… “What worries us is that those in power in Croatia NOW are largely THE SAME AS DURING THE NAZI ERA… In some cases THEY ARE EXACTLY THE SAME PEOPLE, now in their seventies and BACK from exile under the Communists. In other cases, they are the CHILDREN OF THE USTASHA… THEY WEAR *THE SAME BLACK SHIRTS*, the same black trousers, many carry THE SAME “SERBO-SEKS” [KNIVES FOR THE SERBS]…” said Dr. Klara Mandic, a senior Jewish community leader.

 — Phil Davidson [British] The Independent October 21, 1991, page 10 “War raises old anxieties for Croatian Jews”

The Croatian government has revived many of the paraphenalia of the Nazi puppet regime headed by Ante Pavelic in the early 1940s. STREETS AND SQUARES HAVE BEEN RENAMED AFTER USTASHA HEROES.

Plans are well under way to REINSTATE the kuna, THE CURRENCY OF THE FASCIST STATE. THE CROATIAN FLAG ONCE AGAIN SPORTS SAHOVNICA, THE RED AND WHITE CHEQUERED SHIELD WHICH SYMBOLIZED PAVELIC’S STATE – symbol which some… equate with a reunited Germany flying the swastika…

It is less easy to explain that lack of international reaction to the RESURGENT FASCISM *SO EVIDENT* in the building of the new nation. British suggestions of economic sanctions on account of Croatia’s military involvement in Bosnia have been repeatedly blocked by Germany… Germany is siding with Croatia… former partners in tourism and GENOCIDE. On the American side, THERE ARE NONE SO BLIND AS THOSE WHO WILL NOT SEE. SWASTIKAS, BLACK UNIFORMS, *RAPE AND PILLAGE* fade into insignificanse beside the demonic image the State Department has built for the Serbs.

 — Kenneth Roberts [British] THE SPECTATOR March 19 1994, pages 16, 17, 18 “UNRECONSTRUCTED NAZISM ON DISPLAY – The Germans warmly support the Croats. Kenneth Roberts says this reuniting of Second World War allies is distasteful”

Encyclopedia Britannica, Edition 1943, Vol 23, page 923 (Yugoslavia and war) describes the flag of the Croatian Ustashe: “The new flag of Croatia consists of three broad stripes, red, white and blue, and superimposed upon them a shield of checkered red and white squares”.

Open then any new book that shows the international flags (or stroll in front of the United Nations and check the flags there) and you will easily recognize the Ustasha flag of the Nazi time.

NAZI NOSTALGIA IN CROATIA

by Diana Johnstone Sept. 6, 1999

[ (c) Diana Johnstone, 1999. This article may be distributed non-commercially by any method including reposting on websites, email and printing, but please reproduce it in full including this note. For commercial distribution contact http://www.emperors-clothes.com to make arrangements.]

When I visited Croatia three years ago, the book most prominently displayed in the leading bookstores of the capital city Zagreb was a new edition of the notorious anti-Semitic classic, “The Protocols of the Elders of Zion”. Next came the memoires of the World War II Croatian fascist Ustashe dictator Ante Pavelic, responsible for the organized genocide of Serbs, Jews and Romany (gypsies) that began in 1941, that is, even before the German Nazi “final solution”.

However, if the Croatian fascists actually led, rather than followed, the German Nazis down the path of genocide, that doesn’t mean they have forgotten their World War II benefactors. After all, it was thanks to Hitler’s invasion of Yugoslavia that the “Independent State of Croatia” was set up in April 1941, with Bosnia-Herzegovina (whose population was mostly Serb at the time) as part of its territory. And the hit song of 1991, when Croatia once again declared its independence from Yugoslavia and began driving out Serbs, was “Danke Deutschland” in gratitude to Germany’s strong diplomatic support for Zagreb’s unnegotiated secession.

In the West, of course, one will quickly object that the Germany of today is not the Germany of 1941. True enough. But in Zagreb, with a longer historical view, they are so much the same that visiting Germans are sometimes embarrassed when Croats enthusiastically welcome them with a raised arm and a Nazi “Heil!” greeting.

So it should be no surprise that this year’s best seller in Croatia is none other than a new edition of “Mein Kampf”. This is not a critical edition, mind you, but a reverently faithful reproduction of the original text by that great European leader, benefactor of Croatian nationalism and leader of the Third Reich, Adolf Hitler.

The magazine “Globus” reported that “Mein Kampf” is selling like hotcakes in all segments of Croatian society. For those who want to read more, there is a new book entitled “The Protocols of Zion, the Jews and Adolf Hitler” by Mladen Schwartz, leader of the Croatian neo-Nazi party New Right, and “Talks with Hitler” by the Fuhrer’s aide Herman Rauschning, as well as various other memoires celebrating the Ustashe state whose violent massacres of Serbs shocked the Italian fascist allies and even German diplomatic observers at the time.

The dissident Croatian writer Predrag Matvejevic, who has Italian citizenship, has sent the Rijeka daily “Novi List” an open letter to the Association of Croatian Writers and the Croatian center of the International PEN club denouncing their failure to protest at this promotion of the absolute worst of racist Nazi propaganda. “Passing through the streets of Zagreb, Split, Dubrovnik and other cities in Croatia, countless Croatian citizens whose parents took part in the anti-fascist Partisan struggle are ashamed to see the works and photographs of Hitler and other Nazi and Ustashe criminals displayed in bookshop indows,” he wrote. “Their publication is a disgrace to Croatia and its culture”. This is “no accident”, he said, “in Tudjman’s Croatia.” For this is the same regime, he noted, that has allowed the destruction of thousands of monuments to the victims of fascism, from one end of Croatia to the other, and in which mass is celebrated non-stop in honor of the Ustashe “fuhrer” Pavelic in the churches of Split and Zagreb, the Italian daily “Il Manifesto” reported on September 3.

In another report in “Il Manifesto”, Giacomo Scotti reported from Zagreb that the terrorist campaign by nationalist bands led by the neofascist “Croatian Party of Rights” has been stepping up its pogroms against the small number of Serbs now living in the Krajina region. The overwhelmingly Serb population was driven from the Krajina by the U.S.-backed “Operation Storm” in August 1995. Officially, under heavy international pressure, the Croatian government has allowed some Serbs to come back, mostly old farmers. However, on August 25, the Croatian Supreme Court denied local tribunals the right to hear complaints from citizens who had not been allowed to enter their property, thus encouraging lawlessness.

With the complicity of the authorities, armed bands have been breaking into the few homes reoccupied by their Serb owners, beating and threatening old people and devastating their farms, chopping down trees and destroying crops to force them to leave. These facts are contained in two letters to the Croatian government from the Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights.

By now, however, it is abundantly clear to everyone that crimes of intimidation, physical violence, murder, robbery, vandalism or “ethnic cleansing” are of no interest to Western governments, to international media or to any court in the world so long as the victims are Serbs.

Back From the Grave

By A.M. Rosenthal The New York Times, OP-ED, April 15, 1997 (for ‘fair use’ only)

Mr. Rosenthal was Editor of The New York Times for many years.

In World War II, Hitler had no executioners more willing, no ally more passionate, than the Fascists of Croatia.

They are returning, 50 years later, from what should have been their eternal grave, the defeat of Nazi Germany. The Western allies who dug that grave with the bodies of their servicemen have the power to stop them, but do not.

Croatian Fascists, known as the Ustashe, fought alongside German troops against Serbs, Muslims and Croats trying desperately, and vainly, to block the Nazi conquest of Yugoslavia. In 1941 Hitler rewarded Croatian Fascists by carving out a Croatian state and letting them run it. They did not let him down.

The Ustashe slaughtered Serbs, Jews and non-Fascist Croats — and with such glee and such cruelty that their name became a terror and stench throughout Europe.

Croatia disappeared with Hitler’s annihilation in 1945. A half-century later the West created a new Croatia, by recognizing the secession from Yugoslavia of Croatian nationalists, led by one Franjo Tudjman.

Not all were Fascists, by any means, but now the Ustashe is running in elections, brutalizing its enemies — Croat, Serb or Jew. Mr. Tudjman is giving them what they need most — presence, and the rewriting of history.

Two documents are a short course on the Ustashe. To honor the murdered and protect the future, read them. From pages 323-328 of the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (Macmillan): ”More than a half million Serbs were killed, a quarter million expelled, 200,000 forced to convert to the Catholicism of the Croatian Fascists.

”Thousands were hurled from mountain tops, others were beaten to death, entire villages were burned down, women raped, people sent on death marches in the middle of winter, still others starved to death.”

Jews? Ante Pavelic, the Ustashe leader, announced that the Jews would be ”liquidated within a very short time.” They were, most of the 40,000.

But some chosen as victims did survive. Study the picture of the children after the camps were freed. They wear only bones and tightened skin. Serbs? Jews?

The second document is a fine piece of journalism from Croatia by the New York Times correspondent Chris Hedges (April 12) about the rebirth of Fascism there — the bullying, the sieg-ing and heil-ing in Croatian, the whole nastiness. Most important is the increasing work of Mr. Tudjman — a longtime Holocaust denier — to recast the Fascists as patriots and founders of the new Croatia.

This man likes to talk about how he himself fought German soldiers. Now a major political, military and financial beneficiary of the West, he permits pictures of Fascists dead and alive to be plastered around the country. He gives special status and pensions to Ustashe veterans. He tried to get the body of the killer-chief Pavelic returned from Spain, where he had fled, and buried with honor in Zagreb — like reburying Himmler under the linden. The family objected. So he brought back another Ustashe killer, this one alive, and made him a member of Parliament.

Western recognition of Mr. Tudjman’s Croatia was pushed hardest by Germany despite warnings from Bosnian Muslims that the timing could set off war among themselves, Serbs and Croats.

Franjo Tudjman is now ours. The West cannot evade responsibility for the rebirth of Fascism in Croatia. Peter Galbraith, U.S. Ambassador to Croatia, told me he had denounced Croatian ethnic cleansing of Serbs last year, and considered the glorification of the Ustashe an insult to Croats who fought Nazis, and to American veterans of World War II.

Mr. Tudjman and his Fascist proteges brush off ambassadorial protest with insult. Would he brush off the Presidents of the U.S. and France, the British Prime Minister — or the Chancellor of Germany — if they took action to stop Croatian Fascism? Such as denouncing the Tudjman buildup of the Ustashe, then reducing Western representation to sub-ambassadorial and slashing economic help to Croatia — the whole list?

That won’t change the Ustashe or improve Mr. Tudjman’s sickness of body and character. But it could force him to end Fascist rehabilitation work. Or has the West become so sick itself that it will permit Croatian Fascism to live on beyond the grave?

Video: Jasenovac Death Camp

In 1983, Croatian director Lordan Zafranović made a harrowing documentary about Jasenovac, the biggest death camp operated by the 1941-1945 “Independent State of Croatia.”

The film, “Jasenovac: Blood and Ashes” was suppressed during the 1990s, following the rise of Tudjman’s nationalist government. Zafranović himself was blacklisted and lived in exile in Prague.

  1. The film has recently become available on YouTube, with English subtitles: [youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch 
 
 

Zablude o mastima

Zablude o mastima

Mlađe generacije odrasle su u uvjerenju da su masnoća i kolesterol opasni. Stariji, koji se još sjećaju da su kao djeca mazali svinjsku mast po kruhu, da nisu uklanjali masne dijelove s mesa i da su jeli slaninu kad god su je imali, odavno su se odrekli masne hrane iz straha da im se ne poveća kolesterol i ne začepe krvne žile. 
Međutim, prirodne masnoće životinjskog porijekla nikada nisu bile opasne za naše zdravlje, već su od pamtivijeka sačinjavale važan dio ljudske prehrane. One su građevinski materijal za naše tijelo, neophodne za normalan rast i razvoj djece i za funkcioniranje ljudskog organizma. Teorija o štetnosti masnoće i kolesterola, na kojoj nažalost počiva cijela medicinska djelatnost, zapravo je neutemeljeni mit, proizašao iz loše provedenih zastarjelih istraživanja i iznad svega komercijalnih interesa. Najnovija istraživanja ne nalaze nikakve znanstvene dokaze o štetnosti zasićenih masnoća životinjskog porijekla i kolesterola. Zapravo, danas znamo da su industrijska biljna ulja i margarini štetni, dakle upravo ono što nam je nametnuto umjesto tradicionalnih prirodnih masnoća. 
Zasićene masnoće nalazimo u mesu, jajima, svinjskoj masti, maslacu, siru, vrhnju i drugim mliječnim proizvodima, kao i u kokosovom ulju. Ove su namirnice također bogate kolesterolom, posebice žumanjak, i osobito su važne za mozak i nervni sustav. Preko 60% ljudskog mozga sastoji se od masnoće, a one su izuzetno važne i potrebne i za sve druge normalne funkcije u ljudskom organizmu. Kolesterol, kojeg nasilno nastojimo smanjiti lijekovima, zapravo nije štetan, već je to važna i potrebna tvar koju ljudsko tijelo samo proizvodi. Potreban je za cijeli niz zdravih tjelesnih funkcija – proizvodnju hormona, popravak oštećenih stanica u tijelu i jačanje imunološkog sustava organizma. Kolesterol izgrađuje staničnu stijenku, čisti i neutralizira toksine koji nastaju raznim upalnim procesima u tijelu, štiti srce i mozak. I majčino mlijeko obiluje kolesterolom i enzimima koji djetetu pomažu da što bolje iskoristi ovu hranjivu tvar, jer upravo novorođenčad i mala djeca trebaju puno kolesterola radi normalnog razvoja mozga, živčanog sustava i drugih važnih funkcija u tijelu. 
Hrana bogata prirodnim masnoćama oduvijek je bila čovjekova izvorna i prirodna hrana. Ono što je štetno je nova, rafinirana, industrijski procesirana hrana, puna industrijskih ulja i trans masti, kemijskih aditiva, pšeničnog glutena, šećera i glukozno-fruktoznog ili kukuruznog sirupa. Danas imamo vrlo ozbiljne dokaze da je ta nova hrana uzročnik civilizacijskih bolesti zapadnog svijeta: debljine, dijabetesa tipa 2, srčano-žilnih bolesti, kroničnih crijevnih bolesti, autoimunih bolesti, alergija i mnogih vrsta raka. 
Ali zašto nas onda stručnjaci već desetljećima savjetuju da ne jedemo masno? Nažalost, mi ne živimo u humanitarnom, već u ekonomskom društvu koje se zasniva na profitu, a prehrambena industrija i masovni uzgoj hrane, kao i sve ostalo, dio je tog ekonomskog društva. Proizvođači gledaju što im se više isplati, a ne što je za nas potrošače zdravije, a k tome i državne institucije zadužene za prehranu i zdravlje, prvenstveno štite industriju umjesto nas. Strah od visokog kolesterola potencira i farmaceutska industrija, iz čistih komercijalnih razloga jer su statini, sredstva za snižavanje kolesterola, najprodavaniji lijekovi na svijetu. Kampanja protiv kolesterola zapravo je najveća prevara 20. stoljeća

what really causes heart disease

World renowned heart surgeon Dr. Dwight Lundell speaks out on what really causes heart disease

Dr. Dwight Lundell: We physicians with all our training, knowledge and authority often acquire a rather large ego that tends to make it difficult to admit we are wrong. So, here it is. I freely admit to being wrong. As a heart surgeon with 25 years experience, having performed over 5,000 open-heart surgeries, today is my day to right the wrong with medical and scientific fact.

Dr. Dwight Lundell

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I trained for many years with other prominent physicians labelled “opinion makers.” Bombarded with scientific literature, continually attending education seminars, we opinion makers insisted heart disease resulted from the simple fact of elevated blood cholesterol.

The only accepted therapy was prescribing medications to lower cholesterol and a diet that severely restricted fat intake. The latter of course we insisted would lower cholesterol and heart disease. Deviations from these recommendations were considered heresy and could quite possibly result in malpractice.

It Is Not Working!

These recommendations are no longer scientifically or morally defensible. The discovery a few years ago that inflammation in the artery wall is the real cause of heart disease is slowly leading to a paradigm shift in how heart disease and other chronic ailments will be treated.

The long-established dietary recommendations have created epidemics of obesity and diabetes, the consequences of which dwarf any historical plague in terms of mortality, human suffering and dire economic consequences.

Despite the fact that 25% of the population takes expensive statin medications and despite the fact we have reduced the fat content of our diets, more Americans will die this year of heart disease than ever before.

Statistics from the American Heart Association show that 75 million Americans currently suffer from heart disease, 20 million have diabetes and 57 million have pre-diabetes. These disorders are affecting younger and younger people in greater numbers every year.

Simply stated, without inflammation being present in the body, there is no way that cholesterol would accumulate in the wall of the blood vessel and cause heart disease and strokes. Without inflammation, cholesterol would move freely throughout the body as nature intended. It is inflammation that causes cholesterol to become trapped.

Inflammation is not complicated — it is quite simply your body’s natural defence to a foreign invader such as a bacteria, toxin or virus. The cycle of inflammation is perfect in how it protects your body from these bacterial and viral invaders. However, if we chronically expose the body to injury by toxins or foods the human body was never designed to process,a condition occurs called chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation is just as harmful as acute inflammation is beneficial.

What thoughtful person would willfully expose himself repeatedly to foods or other substances that are known to cause injury to the body? Well,smokers perhaps, but at least they made that choice willfully.

The rest of us have simply followed the recommended mainstream diet that is low in fat and high in polyunsaturated fats and carbohydrates, not knowing we were causing repeated injury to our blood vessels. This repeated injury creates chronic inflammation leading to heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity.

Let me repeat that: The injury and inflammation in our blood vessels is caused by the low fat diet recommended for years by mainstream medicine.

What are the biggest culprits of chronic inflammation? Quite simply, they are the overload of simple, highly processed carbohydrates (sugar, flour and all the products made from them) and the excess consumption of omega-6 vegetable oils like soybean, corn and sunflower that are found in many processed foods
.

Take a moment to visualize rubbing a stiff brush repeatedly over soft skin until it becomes quite red and nearly bleeding. you kept this up several times a day, every day for five years. If you could tolerate this painful brushing, you would have a bleeding, swollen infected area that became worse with each repeated injury. This is a good way to visualize the inflammatory process that could be going on in your body right now.

Regardless of where the inflammatory process occurs, externally or internally, it is the same. I have peered inside thousands upon thousands of arteries. A diseased artery looks as if someone took a brush and scrubbed repeatedly against its wall. Several times a day, every day, the foods we eat create small injuries compounding into more injuries, causing the body to respond continuously and appropriately with inflammation.

While we savor the tantalizing taste of a sweet roll, our bodies respond alarmingly as if a foreign invader arrived declaring war. Foods loaded with sugars and simple carbohydrates, or processed with omega-6 oils for long shelf life have been the mainstay of the American diet for six decades. These foods have been slowly poisoning everyone.

How does eating a simple sweet roll create a cascade of inflammation to make you sick?

Imagine spilling syrup on your keyboard and you have a visual of what occurs inside the cell. When we consume simple carbohydrates such as sugar, blood sugar rises rapidly. In response, your pancreas secretes insulin whose primary purpose is to drive sugar into each cell where it is stored for energy. If the cell is full and does not need glucose, it is rejected to avoid extra sugar gumming up the works.

When your full cells reject the extra glucose, blood sugar rises producing more insulin and the glucose converts to stored fat.

What does all this have to do with inflammation? Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels.

While you may not be able to see it, rest assured it is there. I saw it in over 5,000 surgical patients spanning 25 years who all shared one common denominator — inflammation in their arteries.

Let’s get back to the sweet roll. That innocent looking goody not only contains sugars, it is baked in one of many omega-6 oils such as soybean. Chips and fries are soaked in soybean oil; processed foods are manufactured with omega-6 oils for longer shelf life. While omega-6’s are essential -they are part of every cell membrane controlling what goes in and out of the cell — they must be in the correct balance with omega-3’s.

If the balance shifts by consuming excessive omega-6, the cell membrane produces chemicals called cytokines that directly cause inflammation.

Today’s mainstream American diet has produced an extreme imbalance of these two fats. The ratio of imbalance ranges from 15:1 to as high as 30:1 in favor of omega-6. That’s a tremendous amount of cytokines causing inflammation. In today’s food environment, a 3:1 ratio would be optimal and healthy.

To make matters worse, the excess weight you are carrying from eating these foods creates overloaded fat cells that pour out large quantities of pro-inflammatory chemicals that add to the injury caused by having high blood sugar. The process that began with a sweet roll turns into a vicious cycle over time that creates heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and finally, Alzheimer’s disease, as the inflammatory process continues unabated.

There is no escaping the fact that the more we consume prepared and processed foods, the more we trip the inflammation switch little by little each day. The human body cannot process, nor was it designed to consume, foods packed with sugars and soaked in omega-6 oils.

There is but one answer to quieting inflammation, and that is returning to foods closer to their natural state. To build muscle, eat more protein. Choose carbohydrates that are very complex such as colorful fruits and vegetables. Cut down on or eliminate inflammation- causing omega-6 fats like corn and soybean oil and the processed foods that are made from them.

One tablespoon of corn oil contains 7,280 mg of omega-6; soybean contains 6,940 mg. Instead, use olive oil or butter from grass-fed beef.

Animal fats contain less than 20% omega-6 and are much less likely to cause inflammation than the supposedly healthy oils labelled polyunsaturated. Forget the “science” that has been drummed into your head for decades. The science that saturated fat alone causes heart disease is non-existent. The science that saturated fat raises blood cholesterol is also very weak. Since we now know that cholesterol is not the cause of heart disease, the concern about saturated fat is even more absurd today.

The cholesterol theory led to the no-fat, low-fat recommendations that in turn created the very foods now causing an epidemic of inflammation. Mainstream medicine made a terrible mistake when it advised people to avoid saturated fat in favor of foods high in omega-6 fats. We now have an epidemic of arterial inflammation leading to heart disease and other silent killers.

What you can do is choose whole foods your grandmother served and not those your mom turned to as grocery store aisles filled with manufactured foods. By eliminating inflammatory foods and adding essential nutrients from fresh unprocessed food, you will reverse years of damage in your arteries and throughout your body from consuming the typical American diet.

Dr. Dwight Lundell is the past Chief of Staff and Chief of Surgery at Banner Heart Hospital , Mesa , AZ. His private practice, Cardiac Care Center was in Mesa, AZ. Recently Dr. Lundell left surgery to focus on the nutritional treatment of heart disease. He is the founder of Healthy Humans Foundation that promotes human health with a focus on helping large corporations promote wellness. He is also the author of The Cure for Heart Disease and The Great Cholesterol Lie.

The official news release can be found at Prevent Disease and original publication of this article at My Science Academy.

Što zaista uzrokuje srčane bolesti?

Svjetski poznati kardio kirurg progovara: Što zaista uzrokuje srčane bolesti?

Članak napisao: dr. Dwight Lundell: S engleskog prevela: Anita Šupe

Mi liječnici, uz svo naše obrazovanje, praksu, znanje i autoritet, često posjedujemo popriličan ego radi kojeg vrlo teško priznajemo da smo u krivu. Dakle, evo: otvoreno priznajem da sam bio u krivu. Kao kardio kirurg s 25 godina radnog iskustva, nakon što sam obavio preko 5 000 operacija na otvorenom srcu, došlo je vrijeme da ispravim ono što je krivo s medicinskim i znanstvenim činjenicama.
Dugi niz godina radio sam s drugim istaknutim liječnicima, tzv. opinion makerima – kreatorima javnog mišljenja. Bombardirani znanstvenom literaturom, kontinuirano pohađajući obrazovne seminare, mi kreatori javnog mišljenja inzistirali smo na tvrdnji da srčane bolesti nastaju zbog povišenog kolesterola u krvi.
Jedina prihvaćena terapija bila je prepisivanje lijekova za snižavanje kolesterola i dijeta sa jako ograničenim unosom masnoće. Potonje bi naravno snizilo kolesterol kao i same srčane bolesti. Odstupanja od ovih preporuka smatrana su herezom i  zlouporabom.

Ali ovo ne funkcionira!
Ove se preporuke ne mogu više ni znanstveno a ni moralno opravdati. Otkriće od prije nekoliko godina, da je pravi uzrok srčanih bolesti upala u arterijama polako dovodi do smjene paradigmi u načinu tretiranja srčanih i drugih kroničnih bolesti.
Davno uspostavljene prehrambene preporuke dovele su do epidemije pretilosti i dijabetesa, koji su po smrtnosti, ljudskoj patnji i materijalnom trošku nadmašili svaku drugu pošast u povijesti čovječanstva.

Unatoč činjenici da 25% stanovništva uzima skupe statine (lijekove za snižavanje kolesterola) i unatoč činjenici da smo smanjili unos masnoće u našoj prehrani, ipak će ove godine od srčanih bolesti umrijeti više Amerikanaca nego ikada prije. 
Statistika iz American Heart Associations pokazuje da 75 milijuna Amerikanaca trenutno pati od srčanih bolesti, 20 milijuna boluje od dijabetesa i 57 milijuna ima pred-dijabetes. Ovi poremećaji svake godine pogađaju sve mlađe osobe, u sve većem broju.

Jednostavno rečeno, bez upalnog procesa prisutnog u tijelu, ne postoji način da se kolesterol nakupi u stijenkama krvnih žila i da uzrokuje srčane bolesti i moždani udar. Bez upalnog procesa, kolesterol bi slobodno cirkulirao po cijelom tijelu onako kako je to priroda odredila. Upala je ta koja uzrokuje da kolestrol ostane zarobljen u krvnim žilama.
Upala nije ništa komplicirano – to je jednostavno prirodna obrana našeg tijela protiv napadača kao što su bakterije, toksini ili virusi. Ciklus (proces) upale savršen je način kako se naše tijelo štiti od ovih bakterijskih i virusnih napadača. Međutim, ako kronično izlažemo tijelo ozljedama od toksina ili od hrane za koju naše tijelo nije stvoreno da je prerađuje, tada nastaje stanje kronične upale. Kronična upala (inflamacija) je isto toliko štetna, koliko je akutna (trenutna) upala korisna.
Koja bi se promišljena osoba dobrovoljno izlagala hrani ili drugim tvarima za koje se zna da uzrokuju ozljede u tijelu? Pa, pušači možda, ali oni to barem rade namjerno i svjesno.
Mi ostali jednostavno slijedimo službeno preporučenu prehranu koja je siromašna zasićenim mastima ali bogata višestruko nezasićenim mastima i ugljikohidratima, bez da znamo da time uzrokujemo opetovane ozljede na našim krvnim žilama. Ove opetovane ozljede uzrokuju kroničnu upalu koja dovodi do srčanih bolesti, moždanog udara, dijabetesa i pretilosti.

Dopustite da ponovim: ozljede i upale u našim krvnim žilama uzrokovane su prehranom s premalo masnoće koja se preporučuje od vodećih medicinskih krugova.
Koji su najveći krivci za kronične upale? Vrlo jednostavno, to je pretjerana upotreba visoko prerađenih ugljikohidrata (šećer, brašno i svi proizvodi napravljeni od njih) kao i pretjerana upotreba biljnih ulja bogatih omegom 6, kao što su sojino, kukuruzno i suncokretovo ulje koji se nalaze u velikom broju industrijskih prerađevina.
Izdvojite trenutak i vizualizirajte da opetovano trljate četkom po mekanoj koži dok ne postane crvena i skoro prokrvari. Zamislite da ovo radite nekoliko puta na dan, svaki dan, pet godina. Ako biste mogli podnijeti ovo bolno četkanje, imali biste krvavo, otečeno, inficirano područje koje postaje sve gore sa svakim ponavljanjem ozljede. Ovako otprilike izgleda upalni proces koji se možda događa u vašem tijelu – upravo sada.
Bez obzira gdje se upalni poces događa – unutra ili izvana – potpuno je isto. Ja sam zagledao unutar tisuća i tisuća arterija. Bolesne arterije izgledaju kao da je netko uzeo četku i strugao po njihovim stijenkama. Nekoliko puta dnevno, svaki dan, hrana koju jedemo stvara male ozljede koje se pretvaraju u veće ozljede i uzrokuju da tijelo konstantno odgovara upalnim procesom.
Dok uživamo u okusu slatkog peciva, naše tijelo alarmantno reagira kao kad kakav napadač objavi rat. Hrana natrpana šećerom i ugljikohidratima, procesirana s omega 6 mastima radi produžene trajnosti, predstavlja okosnicu američke prehrane zadnjih 6 desetljeća. Ovakva hrana polako truje sve.

Šećer, brašno i biljna ulja uzročnici su srčano-žilnih bolesti

Kako jedenje običnog slatkog peciva može stvoriti kaskadu upalnih procesa koji nas čine bolesnima?
Zamislite da prolijete sirup po tipkovnici i imate predodžbu onoga što se događa unutar jedne stanice. Kad konzumiramo ugljikohidrate, šećer u krvi rapidno raste. Kao odgovor, gušterača izlučuje inzulin čija je primarna svrha potjerati šećer u stanice gdje se pohranjuje za energiju. Ali ako je stanica puna i ne treba glukozu (šećer), odbija taj ekstra šećer. Tada šećer u krvi opet raste proizvodeći još više inzulina koji glukozu (šećer) pretvara u mast.
Kakve ovo ima veze s upalom? Šećer u krvi ima vrlo preciznu kontrolu. Suvišne molekule šećera vežu se za različite proteine koji oštećuju stijenke krvnih žila. Ovo opetovano oštećenje na stijenkama krvnih žila pokreće upalni proces. Kad pumpate svoj šećer u krvi do visokih razina nekoliko put na dan, to je kao da ste uzeli brusni papir i brusite unutrašnju stranu osjetljivih krvnih žila.
Iako ovo ne možete vidjeti, budite sigurni da je to tako. Ja sam to vidio kod preko 5000 pacijenata tijekom 25 godina, kojima je svima bila zajednička – upala u arterijama.
Da se vratimo na slatko pecivo. Ova poslastica nevinog izgleda ne samo da sadrži šećer, već je pečena u jednom od brojnih omega 6 ulja kao što je sojino ulje. Čips i krumpirići natopljeni su sojinim uljem, sve industrijske prerađevine sadrže omega 6 ulja radi produžene trajnosti. Iako su omega 6 masnoće esencijalne – dio su svake stanične membrane i kontroliraju što se događa unutar i izvan stanice – one moraju biti u ispravnom omjeru s omega 3 masnoćama.
Ako se ovaj omjer poremeti prekomjernim unošenjem omege 6, stanične membrane proizvode kemijske spojeve citokine, koji izravno uzrokuju upalu.
Današnja američka prehrana proizvodi ekstremnu neravnotežu između ovih dviju masnoća. Omjer između omege omege 6 i omege 3 kreće se od 15:1 pa do 30:1 što dovodi do ogromne kolilčine citokina koji uzrokuju upale. U današnjim uvjetima, omjer od 3:1 bi bio optimalan za zdravlje.
Da stvar bude još gora, prekomjerna tjelesna težina koju nosite zbog konzumiranja ovakve hrane, stvara preopterećene masne stanice koje izlučuju velike količine proinflamatornih kemikalija (koje izazivaju upale) koje još više pogoršavaju ozljede izazvane visokim šećerom u krvi. Proces započet slatkim pecivom u ustima pretvara se u začarani krug koji tijekom vremena dovodi do srčanih bolesti, dijabetesa i konačno do Alzheimerove bolesti, kad se upalni proces nesmanjeno nastavlja u nedogled.
Ne možemo pobjeći činjenici da što više industrijski prerađene hrane konzumiramo, to više potičemo stvaranje upale, iz dana u dan. Ljudsko tijelo ne može preraditi, niti je dizajnirano da bi konzumiralo hranu nakrcanu šećerom i natopljenu u omega 6 ulja.
Postoji samo jedan način za suzbijanje ovih upalnih stanja, a to je povratak na hranu u svom izvornom obliku. Za izgradnju mišića, jedite više proteina. Birajte ugljikohidrate u obliku povrća i voća. Smanjite ili potpuno izbacite inflamatorna omega 6 ulja  kao što su sojino, suncokretovo i kukuruzno ulje, kao i hranu koja ih sadrži.
Jedna žličica kukuruznog ulja sadrži 7,280 mg omege 6, jedna žličica sojinog ulja sadži 6,940 mg. Koristite umjesto toga maslinovo ulje ili maslac pašnih životinja.
Životinjske masnoće sadrže manje od 20% omege 6 i vjerojatnost da mogu izazvati upale puno je manja nego sa navodno ”zdravim” višestruko nezasićenim mastima. Zaboravite ”znanost” koju vam desetljećima utuvljuju u glavu. Znanstveni dokazi da zasićene masnoće uzrokuju srčane bolesti ne postoje. Znanstveni dokazi da zasićene masnoće podižu kolesterol također su vrlo slabi. A kako sada znamo da kolesterol nije uzrok srčanih bolesti, zabrinutost oko zasićenih masnoća postaje sasvim apsurdna.
Teorija o kolesterolu dovela je do preporuka da se smanji unos masnoća što je dovelo do stvaranja upravo one hrane koja izaziva upalne procese. Službena je medicina napravila  užasnu grešku kad je ljudima savjetovala da izbjegavaju zasićene masti i da umjesto njih koriste višestruko nezasićena ulja. Zato sada imamo epidemiju arterijskih upala koje dovode do srčanih i drugih ubojitih bolesti.
Ono što možete učiniti je da birate cjelovitu hranu kakvu je servirala vaša baka, a ne onu kojoj se okrenula vaša mama kad su prodavaonice počele nuditi industrijske prerađevine. Izbacivanjem inflamatorne hrane i konzumacijom esencijalnih nutrijenata iz svježe neprerađene hrane, popravit ćete štetu koju ste godinama izazivali u svojim arterijama i cijelom tijelu konzumirajući tipičnu američku prehranu.
Dr. Dwight Lundell bivši je šef i glavni kirurg Banner Heart bolnice u Mesi, Arizona. Imao je i privatnu praksu, Cardiac Care Center također u Mesi, Arizona. Nedavno je dr. Lundell napustio kirurgiju da bi se posvetio nutricionističkom liječenju srčanih bolesti. Osnivač je zaklade Healthy Humans koja promiče ljudsko zdravlje s naglaskom da se velikim kompanijama pomogne u promoviranju zdravlja. Također je i autor knjiga The Cure for Heart Disease i The Great Cholesterol Lie.

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